A new paper has been published by Mariana Fuentes, Bob Pressey and colleagues on the adaptive management of marine mega-fauna in a changing climate, in Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. The paper discusses the approaches necessary for each step of an adaptive management cycle to be implemented to manage marine mega-fauna in a changing climate and highlights the steps that require further attention for the cycle to be fully implemented. Examples of sharks and rays on the Great Barrier Reef and little penguins in south-eastern Australia are used to illustrate our discussions. The initial ideas for this paper were discussed during the Systematic management of marine mega-fauna in a changing climate symposium at the 25th International Congress for Conservation Biology in Auckland, New Zealand in 2011
You can download the paper below, or contact Mariana Fuentes for a pdf of the article:
Fuentes MMPB, Chambers LE, Chin A, Dann P, Dobbs K, Poloczanska E, Maison K, Turner M, Pressey RL, Marsh H (2014) Adaptive management of marine mega-fauna in a changing climate. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. DOI: 10.1007/s11027-014-9590-3
Management of marine mega-fauna in a changing climate is constrained by a series of uncertainties, often related to climate change projections, ecological responses, and the effectiveness of strategies in alleviating climate change impacts. Uncertainties can be reduced over time through adaptive management. Adaptive management is a framework for resource conservation that promotes iterative learning-based decision making. To successfully implement the adaptive management cycle, different steps (planning, designing, learning and adjusting) need to be systematically implemented to inform earlier steps in an iterative way. Despite the critical role that adaptive management is likely to play in addressing the impacts of climate change on marine mega-fauna few managers have successfully implemented an adaptive management approach. We discuss the approaches necessary to implement each step of an adaptive management cycle to manage marine mega-fauna in a changing climate, highlighting the steps that require further attention to fully implement the process. Examples of sharks and rays (Selachimorpha and Batoidea) on the Great Barrier Reef and little penguins, Eudyptula minor, in south-eastern Australia are used as case studies. We found that successful implementation of the full adaptive management cycle to marine mega-fauna needs managers and researchers to: (1) obtain a better understanding of the capacity of species to adapt to climate change to inform the planning step; (2) identify strategies to directly address impacts in the marine environment to inform the designing step; and (3) develop systematic evaluation and monitoring programs to inform the learning step. Further, legislation needs to flexible to allow for management to respond.