The Conservation Planning Group Applied conservation research

The Conservation Planning Group
SEMINAR: Georgina Gurney – Improving the success of conservation planning: integration of socioeconomic considerations into the design and management of marine protected areas

* Update! You can view Georgina’s seminar online! Check out the end of this post.

This Wednesday, Georgina Gurney will present her PhD pre-completion seminar.

Title: Improving the success of conservation planning: integration of socioeconomic considerations into the design and management of marine protected areas

Where: Building 19 (Kevin Stark Research Building) Room #106 (upstairs), JCU, Townsville (map).

When: Wednesday 18th March 2015, 12:00 to 13:00 hrs.

Abstract: Protected areas (PAs) are a key strategy employed worldwide to maintain marine ecosystem services and mitigate biodiversity loss. However, the efficacy of PAs in achieving biological and socioeconomic goals is highly variable; a significant factor impeding their success is a lack of consideration and understanding of associated human systems. Therefore, the broad goal of my thesis was to investigate how socioeconomic factors can be incorporated into the design and management of PAs, which I addressed through three specific objectives. I pursued this research through the lens of systematic conservation planning but drew on theory and methods from a range of disciplines including social psychology, political science and economics, and used marine protected areas (MPAs) in Indonesia and Fiji as case studies. The first objective of my thesis was to examine the socioeconomic impacts of an integrated conservation and development MPA project, including whether impacts varied by social subgroup. I found that the project contributed to alleviating three key domains of poverty (i.e. empowerment, security, and opportunity) mostly during the implementation period of the project, and that there was little evidence of heterogeneous impacts according to age, gender and religion. Second, I identified the individual- and community-scale social factors related to participation in community-based MPA management, finding three main factors related to participation: subjective norms, structural elements of social capital, and nested institutions. Third, I tested key paradigms for incorporating socioeconomic considerations into spatial prioritisation, finding that widely-used methods can produce unnecessarily hard trade-offs between objectives for biodiversity, fisheries, and social equity. My thesis contributes to conservation planning theory and practice by elucidating important human dimensions relating to MPAs and how they can be incorporated into the spatial and non-spatial aspects of MPA design and management. More nuanced understanding and incorporation of socioeconomic considerations in design and management of MPAs will help ensure these conservation tools contribute to human wellbeing, and increase the likelihood of gaining local stakeholders’ support, on which conservation success is predicated.


 

P1120240Georgina is from Tasmania, where she completed her BSc in Marine, Freshwater and Antarctic Science. Preferring tropical rather than Antarctic waters for diving, she headed north to do her Honours research in the Philippines, where she used bio-physical simulation modelling to explore potential reef futures under multiple management and climatic scenarios. Georgina’s experiences in the Philippines inspired her to pursue a PhD in understanding the human dimensions of marine resource management.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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About Us
We are a multidisciplinary group of researchers at James Cook University, interested in all aspects of conservation planning and led by Prof. Bob Pressey. We are based at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, the College of Marine & Environmental Sciences, the College of Business, Law & Governance, and the Cairns Institute. We collaborate widely with conservation biologists and practitioners worldwide. 

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